Dental emergencies come in all
shapes and sizes, from tooth aches to broken teeth. If you have a
dental emergency, call your dentist. Their office will be able to
advise you what remedies need to be taken and if the patient needs
to be seen by the dentist.
Toothache: If face is swollen, take the patient to the dentist
immediately. In the event of a toothache, clean the area around the
affected tooth thoroughly. Rinse the mouth by vigorously swishing
with warm water or use dental floss to dislodge debris or impacted
food. DO NOT place aspirin on the gum or on the aching tooth. This
will cause more irritation. Call your dentist's office to explain
to schedule an appointment.
Broken Tooth: Immediate dental
attention is necessary. Rinse any dirt from the injured area. Place
a cold compress over the face covering the area of the injury.
Knocked Out Permanent Tooth: Patient
must be seen by a dentist immediately. The first 30 minutes after
the accident are critical. You may rinse the tooth for 10 seconds,
but DO NOT scrub or handle the tooth unnecessarily. Transport the
tooth in a cup of water or milk. If neither are available, the
patient (if old enough) can hold the tooth under their tongue until
they get to the dentist's office. Time is a critical factor in being
able to save the tooth.
Four points to remember:
1. Keep Calm
2. Act Quickly
3. Keep Tooth Moist
4. See Dentist Immediately
Cut or Bitten Tongue, Lip or Cheek:
If cut is large or deep, or if the bleeding does not stop within 15
minutes, take the patient to the hospital emergency room.
Apply ice to the bruised area(s). If
there is bleeding apply firm but gentle pressure with clean gauze or
cloth. Call you dentist.
Broken Braces and Wires: If a wire
is stuck in the cheek, gums or tongue, take the patient to see the
If an appliance is broken and can be
removed EASILY, take it out. If it cannot be easily removed, cover
the sharp or protruding portion with cotton balls, gauze, soft
chewing gum or wax, then call the dentist to explain the situation.
Fractured Jaw: Go to the hospital
emergency room immediately.
If a fractured jaw is suspected,
immobilize the jaw using a handkerchief, towel, length of nylon
pantyhose or length of gauze tied at the top of the head. Go to the
hospital emergency room immediately. Teeth may be involved, a
follow-up visit with the dentist can be made once the patient has
been treated at the hospital.
Canker Sores and Cold Sores: Many
patients suffer on occasion from cold sores and canker sores. For
symptomatic relief, check with your pharmacist who will be able to
recommend over the counter remedies to bring relief. If the sores
persist, consult your dentist to have the condition evaluated.
Excessive Bleeding When a Child
Looses a Baby Tooth: If there is bleeding when a child looses a baby
tooth, have the child bite with firm pressure on a folded gauze
square for 15 minutes. If the bleeding does not stop, try a second
time for 15 minutes with new gauze. Gently remove gauze, if bleeding
stops have child be very careful in the area where the tooth was
lost. No probing with tongue, or touching for the rest of the day.
Do not brush in that area for a day and don't use a straw to drink
for a day. If bleeding does not stop, call your dentist.